Delhi is the largest city in South Asia, with about 22 million people.
Delhi is located at the heart of India and covers an area of 1,484 square kilometers. It has an average elevation of 233 meters (774 feet). The history of Delhi begins with Indraprastha, a mostly mythical city founded by Pandavas for their eyesight during one winter solstice (according to Mahabharata), which became the capital of India before it was named Delhi or Indraprastha.
Delhi is the second most populated city in the world with about 22 million people. The metropolitan area of Greater Delhi, including satellite cities Gurgaon and Noida, is home to about 45 million residents as of 2016. It is located at the heart of India and covers an area of 1,484 square kilometers (573 square miles). It has an average elevation of 233 meters (770 feet). Delhi’s history begins with Indraprastha, the capital of Pandavas.
The city was founded around 5400 years ago and thrived under various empires before it became to be known as Shahjahanabad (city of Mughals) in 1649 CE under Shah Jahan. The area around Delhi was still ruled by several local kings who were fighting with the Mughals. In 1739, the Marathas defeated them and started to rule until they were overthrown by the British in 1858. Delhi has been a metropolitan region, with areas like Gurgaon and Noida added as suburbs or neighboring cities since 1911. It has an average elevation of 233 meters (770 feet).