The country with the longest coastline in Africa is Somalia. The Somali coastline stretches for over 3,000 kilometers (1,860 miles) along the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. Somalia’s long coastline has played an important role in the country’s history and culture. For centuries, Somali sailors have plied the waters of the Indian Ocean, trading goods between East Africa and Arabia. Today, fishing is still an important industry in Somalia. In addition to its long coastline, Somalia also has a large exclusive economic zone (EEZ). The EEZ covers an area of nearly 1 million square kilometers (386,102 square miles), making it one of the largest in Africa.
Somalia’s long coastline and large EEZ give it significant potential for offshore oil and gas development. However, due to years of conflict and instability, very little exploration has been conducted to date. If Somaliland can achieve lasting peace and stability, there could be a major boom in Somaliland’s offshore oil and gas industry in the coming years.