The question of which fish has the largest brain is an interesting one, and the answer may surprise you. Contrary to popular belief, it is not the shark that takes the crown in this category, but rather the hagfish. Hagfish are small, eel-like creatures that live in deep ocean waters, where they feed on small organisms such as worms, mollusks, and crustaceans.
Though hagfish may not look particularly impressive, they are in fact quite remarkable. They are the only known species of vertebrate to lack a vertebral column and instead rely on a series of cartilaginous rods to support themselves. In addition, they possess an impressive range of sensory organs and an impressive brain, making them one of the most advanced species of fish in the ocean.
When it comes to brain size, hagfish have the largest relative brain size of any fish. Their brains are about 3% of their body weight, which is about the same size as the brains of some birds, and significantly larger than the brains of most other fish species. Furthermore, hagfish have a particularly large olfactory bulb, which takes up a large portion of their brains. This suggests that they are capable of complex olfactory processing, and may use this sense to detect prey and predators.
The hagfish also have an impressive range of other organs and structures to aid them in their daily lives. They possess an array of barbels or tentacles on their heads that help them to detect vibrations in the water, and several rows of teeth that are used to scrape off food from rocks and other surfaces. In addition, they have an array of sensory organs that allow them to detect changes in pressure, temperature, and salinity.
All in all, the hagfish is a remarkable creature that is capable of impressive feats of navigation and survival. Furthermore, it has the largest brain of any fish, and its impressive range of organs and structures make it one of the most advanced species of fish in the ocean.