The largest city in Australia is Sydney. With a population of 4,627,345 as of 2012, Sydney takes up 1/6th of the entire population of Australia. This makes it bigger than Melbourne, where there are 3,999,982 citizens as of 2012. In fact, only 5% of all Australians live in these two cities combined!
Located on Australia’s east coast at the mouth of the Hawkesbury River, it is about 7.5 km (4.7 mi) south of Central Sydney and consists of 659 square kilometers (255 sq mi), with 3,706,800 people (2011).
Sydney’s history begins on January 26, 1788, when Arthur Phillip led an expedition of 11 ships and some 736 convicts into Port Jackson to establish a penal colony there. It was founded as a place for the British to send their undesirables for punishment or redemption.
It is one of the most expensive cities in the word – while Melbourne has crept up to be number two, Sydney was the most expensive city in Australia. It has also been ranked as one of the world’s most liveable cities, and is known for its culture, beautiful harbor, great weather (and beaches), high standard of living and clean air.
Sydney is composed of many different areas. There are several major regions – Eastern Suburbs, Northern Beaches, Baulkham Hills Shire (northwest), Canterbury-Bankstown (southwest), Parramatta (inland west) to name a few. The CBD (Central Business District) lies on the south shore of Port Jackson between Sydney Cove and Farm Cove within The Rocks area.