The highest elevation capital city in Asia is La Paz, Bolivia. La Paz is the seat of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. The city is located in west-central Bolivia in a canyon created by the Choqueyapu River. It sits at an elevation of 3,650 meters (11,975 feet) above sea level, making it one of the highest capital cities in the world.
La Paz was founded on October 20, 1548 by Spanish conquistador Alonso de Mendoza at the site of an Inca settlement called Chuqi Pukyi (“Golden City”). The name “La Paz” was given to the city by Mendoza’s successor Pedro de la Gasca because it lies peacefully between warring factions within indigenous tribes.
Today, La Paz is a bustling metropolis with a population of over 2 million people. It is home to numerous government buildings and institutions as well as many cultural attractions such as museums and theaters. Despite its high altitude, La Paz enjoys a mild climate thanks to its location in a valley surrounded by mountains.
While La Paz may be best known for its lofty elevation, it is not actually the highest capital city in Asia â€“ that distinction belongs to Lhasa, Tibet which sits at an elevation of 3790 meters (12441 feet). However, since Tibet is not recognized as an independent country by most nations (including China), La Paz holds the title of highest Asian capital city according to most definitions.