The agricultural sector is the largest employer in the world, with over 1.3 billion people employed in agriculture, accounting for almost one-third of the worldâ€™s workforce. The sector employs more than half of the worldâ€™s rural population and contributes to the livelihoods of many more people who are not directly employed in agriculture but are dependent on it for their livelihoods.
The agricultural sector has a significant impact on global food security and nutrition, as well as economic development and environmental sustainability. Agriculture is a major contributor to GDP and employment in many developing countries and plays a vital role in poverty alleviation. In developed countries, agriculture contributes to food security and supports rural communities.
There are many different types of jobs in agriculture, from farming to agribusiness, from research to extension services. Agricultural workers include farmworkers who cultivate crops or rear livestock; forestry workers who manage forests; fishery workers who catch fish; aquaculture workers who raise aquatic animals; and agricultural support workers such as tractor drivers, irrigation specialists, crop scouts, soil scientists etc.
Agricultural jobs are often seasonal or part-time, which can make them insecure and low-paid. Many farmers work long hours for little pay during planting and harvest seasons but have little or no income during other times of the year. Women make up a large proportion of the agricultural workforce but often face discrimination in access to land ownership rights, credit facilities , training opportunities ,and other inputs . In addition , they often have greater responsibility for unpaid domestic work such as childcare , cooking ,and cleaning .