Rajasthan is the largest State in India. Rajasthan is located at the northwest of the Indian subcontinent. The total area of Rajasthan is 337,239 square kilometers. Rajasthan has a population density of 138 people per square kilometer.
Rajasthan is bordered by Pakistan to the west, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. Rajasthan also shares an international border with Oman through the Thar Desert. Other neighboring states include Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in the north, Chhattisgarh in the east, Madhya Maharashtra. The state’s highest point is Mount Abu at 1,722 meters above sea level. Its principal river is the Yamuna River of Yamuna-Ganges basin which empties into the Gulf of Khambat of Arabian Sea. Dammed projects on Beas River are among India’s largest dams which provide hydroelectricity to Delhi and Punjab states as well as drinking water to Rajasthan.
Rajasthan is a pioneer in renewable energy with the largest solar power plant in India and one of the largest solar parks in world it has combined capacity of over 1000 MW which is nearly half of total solar energy produced by India as on date. The state has also planned windmills with cumulative capacity of 5000 MW by 2020A program to supplement hydroelectric power launched with Japanese assistance will produce 16,000 mega watts (MW) of electricity from kinetic energy created by flowing water at 52 locations along the course of the Narmada River.
The capital city is Jaipur and Rajasthan is divided into 33 districts.