The South Pole–Aitken basin is a colossal impact basin on the Moon’s far side. It is one of the Solar System’s biggest known impact craters, with a diameter of roughly 2,500 kilometers (1,600 miles) and a depth of up to 6.2 kilometers (3.9 miles).
What is the biggest crater on the moon?
The South Pole-Aitken basin is the Moon’s biggest crater.
What is a moon crater called?
On the Earth’s Moon, impact craters are known as lunar craters. The lunar surface is pock-marked with numerous cratering. The International Astronomical Union presently recognizes 9,137 craters, of which 1,675 have been dated.
Are there bottomless craters on the moon?
The Aitken Basin is not precisely “bottomless,” as it measures 8 miles deep at its deepest point, but it is the Moon’s deepest crater ever discovered; of course, the big area of the impact site, which measures about 1600 kilometers in diameter, outweighs this.
Which planet has the largest crater?
Using NASA spacecraft data, scientists have discovered what appears to be by far the largest impact crater in the solar system. New research into Mars’ terrain using NASA satellite images reveals what looks like by far the biggest impact crater ever found in the universe.
Which is the deepest trench in the Moon?
The South Pole–Aitken basin is the Moon’s largest, deepest, and oldest basin, as well as it’s northernmost.
How deep is the deepest crater on Earth?
The meteorite broke into pieces and plummeted to the ground in chunks at a height of about 5-10 km. The largest crater measures 110 meters wide and 22 meters deep, while the smaller craters within a 1-kilometer radius of the major crater are 8 in number.
What is the big spot on the moon?
The Moon has huge, dark regions visible from Earth even with the naked eye. The Latin term for “seas,” maria, is used to describe these patches.
Who discovered the moon?
Galileo was the first to document the physical characteristics of the Solar System’s bodies. He found that the Moon was pocked, that the Sun had sunspots, and that Jupiter had four moons in orbit.
What are the three layers of the moon?
The Moon has three layers beneath its thin crust of crushed rock: a crust, a mantle, and a core. The crust is the outermost layer on Earth as well. It has an average thickness of 70 kilometers (about 40 mi) and contains the least dense sort of rock. A thick mantle lies beneath the crust, accounting for the majority of
What is the deepest crater?
The South Pole-Aitken basin, which is known to Earthlings as the enormous hole and measures 1,550 miles (2,500 kilometers) long and 8 miles (13 km) deep, is the moon’s oldest and deepest crater, as well as one of the solar system’s biggest craters.
Does the moon ring like a bell?
The Moon had the sound of a bell.
The Moon was monitored by seismometers placed on it by the Apollo missions from 1969 to 1977. Some of those quakes, particularly the minor ones, were said to be ringing like a bell on the Moon.
Does the dark side of the moon have more craters?
The first photograph of the Moon’s far side revealed several strange variations when compared to what we’re used to seeing. The far side has fewer ‘maria,’ which are huge, dark regions caused by ancient volcanic eruptions. In comparison, it is vastly more crater-filled than the near side.
What is the hottest planet?
The exception is Venus, which owing to its closeness to the Sun and thick atmosphere becomes our solar system’s hottest planet. The average temperatures on planets in our solar system are as follows: Mercury -800°F (430°C) during the day, -290°F (-180°C) at night. Venus 880°F (465°C) during the day, -200°F (-125°C) at night. Earth 60-80°F (16-27°C) during the day and between -100 and -200°F (-74 to -124 °C) at night.
Which planet has a day longer than a year?
On Venus, one rotation takes 243 Earth days, and the planet’s orbit around the sun is equivalent to 225 Earth days.
Which planet has the least craters?
Mercury is the smallest planet, being somewhat larger than Earth’s moon. The surface of the planet is pocked with craters due to its lack of a firm atmosphere to prevent impacts.